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  BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids are established as being effective in the treatment and prevention of coronary artery disease. It is possible that they may also benefit people with peripheral arterial disease, since the pathogenesis of the two conditions is similar. OBJECTIVES: To determine the...
Type: Abstracts
  Angiotensin II (Ang II) is one of the most potent vasoconstrictors, and the first specific and orally available Ang II-receptor antagonist, losartan (MK-954, DuP-753), has now come into clinical use. The primary site of insulin resistance, as measured by the glucose clamp technique, is skeletal...
Type: Abstracts
  OBJECTIVE: The endothelium plays a pivotal role in the regulation of vascular tone by releasing nitric oxide (NO). Increased availability of L-arginine, the natural precursor of NO, induces vasodilatation and inhibits platelet activity. We studied the effect of metformin on hemodynamic and...
Type: Abstracts
  BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hypertriglyceridemia is a risk factor for atherosclerosis that is typically associated with high concentrations of adhesionmolecules, impaired hemorrheology and an unfavourable low-density lipoprotein (LDL) subtype distribution. We hypothesised that some of these riskmarkers...
Type: Abstracts
  There is increasing evidence that hemorrheological abnormalities are associated with an enhanced risk of atherosclerosis. The n-3 fatty acids (n-3-FA) have been shown to have beneficial effects on atherosclerosis in patients with dyslipoproteinemias. We studied 23 patients with elevated plasma...
Type: Abstracts
  Blood and plasma viscosity was measured in 13 patients with hypothyroidism before and during replacement therapy with l-thyroxine. Blood viscositywas measured at natural hematocrit and after adjustment to 40%. The values were compared to those of 12 healthy subjects. Both blood viscosity...
Type: Abstracts
  The effect of simvastatin in 27 patients with severe primary hypercholesterolaemia was assessed by a double-blind placebo controlled parallel grouptrial. Total serum cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and apoprotein B (ApoB) were significantly reduced by simvastatin 40 mg daily. Reductions...
Type: Abstracts
   BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD); the presence of MDD symptoms in patients with CVD is associated with a higher incidence of cardiac complications following acute myocardial infarction (MI). Stress-hemoconcentration, a...
Type: Abstracts
  Peripheral artery disease is associated with altered blood rheologic properties, including increased viscosity and decreased red blood cell (RBC)deformability. Pentoxifylline and cilostazol are available therapies for intermittent claudication. Improvement of blood viscosity and erythrocyte...
Type: Abstracts
  In addition to their effects on blood pressure, antihypertensive agents may produce additional effects on blood rheology and arterial complianceabnormalities which may play a role in target-organ damage. However, these effects may depend only on the specific pharmacological properties of certain...
Type: Abstracts

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